“I realized that my life had just drastically changed. I went from being able to do my normal activities to having to plan ahead for every minute of my day.”
What Is the Role of PTH?
The parathyroid glands play a role in keeping calcium levels under control by releasing PTH. People with HypoPara may have a reduced quality of life, which may be related, in part, to missing PTH.
How PTH keeps calcium levels in the normal range
PTH helps keep the balance of calcium in the blood and bones.
PTH signals the kidneys to keep calcium in your body and helps them activate the vitamin D that works in the body.
PTH activates vitamin D, which helps with the absorption of calcium from food in the intestine.
PTH receptors are present in the brain. PTH may have an effect on mental function.
Missing PTH Can Affect Many Different Areas of the Body
The effects of HypoPara
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- Trouble thinking (brain fog)
- Optic nerve swelling
- Abnormal tooth development
- Vocal cord spasms (laryngospasm)
- Irregular heartbeat
- Heart disease from low calcium
- Involuntary muscle movements
- Tingling in arms and legs
- Muscle cramps or spasms
- Calcium deposits in kidneys*
- Kidney stones*
- Chronic kidney disease*
- Dry skin
- Thinning hair
- Brittle nails
- Abnormal bone structure (such as increased bone mineral density)
- Muscle weakness
Chrissy, living with HypoPara.
Compensated by Ascendis Pharmaceuticals.
Adapted by permission from Springer Nature. Nature Reviews Disease Primers. 2017;3:17055. Hypoparathyroidism. Mannstadt M, et al. 2017.
“Five years after my diagnosis, I’m still learning and improving my ability to manage this disorder.”
– Andrea, living with HypoPara. Compensated by Ascendis Pharmaceuticals.
HypoPara Is a Rare Endocrine Disease
HypoPara most commonly occurs after neck surgery (such as a total thyroidectomy)
About 77,000 to 115,000*people in the US are living
*Based on estimates from a study of US healthcare claims from 2007 to 2008 that looked at the number of diagnoses related to hypoparathyroidism, along with the 2009 population-based Rochester Epidemiology Project that identified hypoparathyroidism diagnoses from medical records since 1945.